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Category:South America/Uruguay/

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Coordinates: 34°52′59″S 56°10′01″W -34.883, -56.167


Uruguay, (official full name in Spanish Repblica Oriental del Uruguay Spanish pronunciation , Eastern Republic of Uruguay) is a country located in the southeastern part of South America. It is home to 3.46 million people, of whom 1.7 million live in the capital Montevideo and its metropolitan area.Uruguay's only land border is with Brazil to the north. To the west lies the Uruguay River, to the southwest lies the estuary of Ro de la Plata, with Argentina only a short commute across the banks of either of these bodies of water, while to the southeast lies the South Atlantic Ocean. Uruguay is the second smallest country in South America, larger only than Suriname.Montevideo was founded by the Spanish in the early 18th century as a military stronghold. Uruguay won its independence in 1825-1828 following a three-way struggle between Spain, Argentina and Brazil. It is a constitutional democracy, where the president fulfills the roles of both head of state and head of government.The economy is largely based on agriculture (making up 10% of GDP and the most substantial export) and the state sector. According to Transparency International, Uruguay is the least corrupt country in Latin America (along with Chile), with its political and labor conditions being among the freest on the continent.An estimated 94.6% of the population are of mostly European descent.Uruguay is one of the richest countries in the Americas, with a high GDP and the 45th quality of life in the world. It was the first Latin American country, and the second in the American Continent, to legalize same and different sex civil unions at a national level in the year 2007.[1]


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