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Coordinates: 22°15′01″N 84°54′23″E 22.2503451, 84.9062705


National Institute of Technology, Rourkela

  • Location & Contact Information
    • Address, Directions, & Map:
      • Rourkela, Orissa, India
    • Telephone Numbers:
      • 0661 - 2462031
      • 0661 - 2462999, 2472926 (fax)
    • Email:
    • Official Website: [1]
  • History & Memorable Moments

National Institutes of Technology (NITs) are premier colleges of engineering and technology education in India. They were originally called Regional Engineering Colleges (RECs). In 2002, the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, decided to upgrade, in phases, all the original 17 Regional Engineering Colleges (RECs) as National Institutes of Technology (NITs), on the lines of the prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). These institutes are rated just next to the IITs in terms of student quality, research, and placements. There are currently 20 NITs, the latest being NIT, Agartala. The Government of India has introduced the National Institutes of Technology (NIT) Act 2007 to bring 20 such institutions within the ambit of the act and to provide them with complete autonomy in their functioning. The NITs are deliberately scattered throughout the country in line with the government norm of an NIT in every major state of India to promote regional development. The individual NITs, after the introduction of the NIT Act, have been functioning as autonomous technical universities and hence can draft their own curriculum and functioning policies.[1]

It was the dream of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru to see India emerge as a leader in science and technology. In order to serve the growing demand for trained quality technical manpower, the Government Of India started fourteen RECs between 1959 and 1965 (NITs located at Allahabad, Bhopal, Calicut, Durgapur, Kurukshetra, Jamshedpur, Jaipur, Nagpur, Rourkela, Srinagar, Surathkal, Surat, Tiruchirapally, and Warangal). Three other NITs were added between 1970 and 1990 (NITs located at Silchar, Hamirpur, and Jalandhar). Each college was a joint and cooperative enterprise of the central government and the concerned state government. Recently, MHRD issued NIT status to three more colleges which are located at Patna (Bihar Engineering College - a 130 year old college), Raipur (Government Engineering College), and Agartala (Tripura Engineering College). All the twenty NITs now offer degree courses at bachelors, masters, and doctorate levels in various branches of engineering and technology. The entire non-recurring expenditure and expenditure for post-graduate courses during the REC times were borne by the central government. On the other hand, the entire recurring expenditure on undergraduate courses was shared equally by the central and the state government. However, since being upgraded to NITs, the central government manages the entire funding for these institutes. The REC system served well initially, but as time passed some state governments did not shoulder proper responsibility to steer the institutes in the right direction. Following the long standing demand for more IITs, the then MHRD Minister Murli Manohar Joshi decided to upgrade the RECs to National Institutes of Technology (NITs). In 2003, all the RECs were upgraded to NITs and the central government took control to run these institutions. The decision to establish NITs was prompted by the following:

  • To establish a second tier of institutes to provide quality education to a large number of students.
  • To pacify every state demanding an IIT.
  • To have a low-cost alternative to IITs.[1]
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