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Category:Africa/Sao Tome and Principe/

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Coordinates: 0°19′59″N 6°43′59″E 0.333, 6.733

Sao Tome and Principe

So Tom and Prncipe, officially the Democratic Republic of So Tom and Prncipe, is a Portuguese-speaking island nation in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Africa. It consists of two islands So Tom and Prncipe, located about 140 kilometres apart and about 250 and 225 kilometres, respectively, off the northwestern coast of Gabon. Both islands are part of an extinct volcanic mountain range. So Tom, the sizable southern island, is situated just north of the equator. It was named in honor of Saint Thomas by Portuguese explorers who happened to arrive at the island on his feast day.So Tom and Prncipe is the second-smallest African country in terms of population (the Seychelles being the smallest). It is the smallest country in the world that is not a former British overseas territory, a former United States trusteeship, or one of the European microstates. It is also the smallest Portuguese-speaking country.The name in Portuguese So Tom e Prncipe is pronounced . Pronunciation of So Tom and Prncipe in English varies, with dictionaries citing the most common pronunciations as sa tome n prnsp and sa tme nd prnspe.[1]


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