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Category:North America/Nicaragua/

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Coordinates: 12°09′00″N 86°16′01″W 12.15, -86.267


Nicaragua officially the Republic of Nicaragua (Spanish Repblica de Nicaragua (helpinfo), Spanish pronunciation ), is a representative democratic republic. It is the largest state in Central America with an area of 130,000 km2. The country is bordered by Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. The Pacific Ocean lies to the west of the country, the Caribbean Sea to the east. Falling within the tropics, Nicaragua sits 11 degrees north of the Equator, in the Northern Hemisphere. Nicaragua's capital city is Managua.The origin of the name 'Nicaragua' is unclear one theory is that it was coined by Spanish colonists based upon the name of the local chief at that time, Nicarao another is that it may have meant 'surrounded by water' in an indigenous language (this could either be a reference to its two large freshwater lakes, Lake Nicaragua and Lake Managua, or to the fact that it is bounded on the east and the west by oceans).[1]


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